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What treatment options are available for macular degeneration?

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses a low intensity laser to stimulate a light sensitive drug that is injected intravenously to cause shrinking of abnormal blood vessels of the macula. Anti-VEGF Injections are the newest treatment involving a series of injections of a small quantity of drugs called anti-VEGF into the eye. These drugs block chemicals that…

Can macular degeneration be prevented?

This is particularly important if a close relative has been diagnosed with macular degeneration. Even though it can’t be prevented, its progress and severity can sometimes be reduced with certain vitamins, minerals and Omega III fatty acids. Controlling high blood pressure and quitting smoking can be helpful.

Are there special tests to diagnose macular degeneration?

Amsler Grid Test: this test checks for blind spots, loss of sight and distortion. Color Testing: this can help determine the status of your cone cells which are the cells located in the macula and are the retinal cells that interpret color. Fluorescein Angiogram Test: a dye is injected in the vein of your arm…

What causes macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss in adults over the age of 55. Studies have found that both genetic and environmental risk factors influence the disease. Rarer forms of macular degeneration can occur in younger people and can be inherited or associated with trauma, infection or systemic disease.

What is macular degeneration?

 The retina is the delicate innermost layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye. It contains layers of light receiving cells called photoreceptors that are connected to the brain by the optic nerve. If you think of the eye as a camera, the retina is the film on which images are recorded and…

What are the two main forms of macular degeneration?

Sometimes abnormal substances called drusen can accumulate under the macula in dry form of macular degeneration and can cause distortion and blind spots. Wet macular degeneration has abnormal blood vessel growth under the macula which can cause swelling and or bleeding. The vision loss with the wet form of macular degeneration is usually more rapid…